Protected Areas – NatureFiji – MareqetiViti https://naturefiji.org Fiji's first and only local biodiversity conservation NGO Thu, 31 May 2018 22:21:53 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.9.6 98467141 Delivering Sustainable Forest Management for Fiji’s People and Wildlife https://naturefiji.org/project/delivering-sustainable-forest-management-fijis-people-wildlife/ Thu, 11 Aug 2016 03:16:03 +0000 https://naturefiji.org/?post_type=project&p=2505 Funded through the Darwin Initiative, NatureFiji-MareqetiViti and BirdLife International have been working with the Fiji Department of Forests since 2014 to: 1. Engage pre-selected forest resource owners in the sustainable management of their forest using the tools of Socio-economic surveys, ‘Toolkit for Ecosystem Services Site based assessment” (TESSA), the Fiji Forest Harvesting Code of Practice (2013)...

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Funded through the Darwin Initiative, NatureFiji-MareqetiViti and BirdLife International have been working with the Fiji Department of Forests since 2014 to:
1. Engage pre-selected forest resource owners in the sustainable management of their forest using the tools of Socio-economic surveys, ‘Toolkit for Ecosystem Services Site based assessment” (TESSA), the Fiji Forest Harvesting Code of Practice (2013) and Biodiversity monitoring (World Bird and Biodiversity Database);

Survey of trees in the TESSA plot in Wainawa Village, Rewa Province
Survey of trees in the TESSA plot in Wainawa Village, Rewa Province

2. Facilitate pre-selected forest resource owners to make informed decisions on the management of their forests through site-exchange programs and communications of case studies of forest stewardship by iTaukei landowners; and thereby,
3. Implement the Fiji Forest Policy and build a framework towards the establishment of Permanent Forest Estates and Sustainably Managed Forests through a collaborative and scientific approach with all stakeholders, especially the iTaukei landowners.

Mosses of Fiji's Montane Cloud Forests play an important role in the hydrological cycle. Maintenance of Permanent Forest Estates enable them to continue this important role.
Mosses of Fiji’s Montane Cloud Forests play an important role in the hydrological cycle. The maintenance of Permanent Forest Estates enables them to continue this important role.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Fiji Forest Policy Statement (2007) on Permanent Forest Estates:

A Permanent Forest Cover including protected forest area network that provides the full range of ecological, economic and social functions at the local, national and global level (Fiji Forest Policy Section 3 page 19).

  • MV40_Eco Camp Natewa

To ensure Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) and taking into account the multiple role of the forest, a sufficient area must be determined as Permanent Forest Estate (FFPS Section 4.3(3)).

MV40_Sago palm Culanuku_Amanda Rogers
The women of Culanuku depend on the critically endangered sago palm as an important source of income. Continued unsustainable harvesting will see the loss of not only an endemic species, but one that is iconic and has adorned the roofs of numerous hotels in Fiji

Establish PFEs based on Forest Functions derived from National Forest Inventory in line with the National Rural Land Use Policy and stakeholder interest

The rehabilitated fields of the critically endangered Sago palms of Culanuku Village in Serua
The rehabilitated fields of the critically endangered Sago palms of Culanuku Village in Serua

PFE established as an area designated for SFM which shall not be converted to other land uses. Forests with high biological diversity and environmental values will be set aside for protection within a National Protected Area System

No NET Loss of Fiji’s forest – the forest is managed

Project Sites:
1. Culanuku, Serua
2. Nabukelevu Village, Serua
3. Wainawa Village, Rewa
4. Korovuli Village, Macuata
5. Natewa/Tunuloa Peninsular
6. Naselesele Village, Taveuni, Cakaudrove
7. Lavena Village, Taveuni, Cakaudrove
8. Somosomo Village, Taveuni, Cakaudrove
9. Navakawau Village, Taveuni, Cakaudrove

 

 

 

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The Giant Invasive Iguana in Fiji https://naturefiji.org/project/giant-invasive-iguana-fiji/ Thu, 01 Jan 2015 21:08:23 +0000 http://naturefiji.armyofflyingmonkeys.com/?post_type=project&p=1828 With no natural predators, its numbers are expected to exponentially and spread to more islands in Fiji. Destructive impacts of this invasive species in Puerto Rico and Florida have caused millions of dollars in damages.

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Iguana Iguana

A native to South and Central America, the giant invasive iguana was believed to have been smuggled on to Qamea Island, east of Taveuni in 2000. Todate, the  estimated population has grown to an estimated population of at least 2500 individuals.

In early 2010, visiting  petologists, Dr. Rob Fisher and Dr. Peter Harlow  recorded breeding populations on Qamea Island and  while occasional adults have been captured or sighted on Laucala and Taveuni.

With no natural predators, its numbers are expected to  exponentially and spread to more islands in Fiji. Destructive impacts of this invasive species in Puerto Rico and Florida have caused millions of dollars in damages.

 An American iguana infected by a fungal disease. Our native iguanas are at risk of contracting such diseases; which could cause the extinction of our endemic iguanas. Picture supplied by Dr. Rob Fisher.

An American iguana infected by a fungal disease. Our native iguanas are at risk of contracting such diseases; which could cause the extinction of our endemic iguanas. Picture supplied by Dr. Rob Fisher.

Threats

  • The American iguana is potentially a serious pest of village gardens and farms. They are generally herbivores and if the numbers are left unchecked, food sustainability in Fijian villages will be at great risk in the near future.
  • An unwanted nuisance to the tourism industry,
  • An agent of Salmonella poisoning,
  • Their burrows undermine seawalls and  foundations.

American iguanas cannot be poisoned or easily trapped. The only way to reliably eradicate them is to capture and kill each one and to target nesting areas to destroy the females and their eggs. They nest in open areas with good sunlight and suitable soil which are limited and provide focus sites for eradication effort.

Key Objectives

Control and eradication through advocacy and capacity building to communities

The eradication of the American iguana from Fiji requires a long term project involving good communications, awareness and participation the inhabitants in known areas where it currently
occurs.

 AIEC billboard along the main road on Taveuni Island.

AIEC billboard along the main road on Taveuni Island.

Current Project Activities

  • Training local community in prevention awareness surveillance, immediate response and reporting
  • Producing incursion response plans and awareness materials
  • Conducting imp act assessments of the American Iguana

Achievements to-date

  • The formation of theAmerican Iguana Eradication Campaign (AIEC) taskforce in 2010 was a NatureFiji‐ MareqetiViti and the Ministry of Primary Industries , which included
    the Departments of Agriculture, Forestry, and Environment.
  • Change of villagers’ perception of the American Iguana as a novelty or as a pet with good support
  • for eradicating them
  • Awareness and advocacy to villages in Taveuni, Qamea and Vanua Levu
  • Engaging tourist operators, government departments, communities and the provincial office in Taveuni in developing an American Iguana Incursion Response Plan
  • Produced awareness materials such as stickers and posters for tour operators, staff, visitors and
    communities in Taveuni and nearby islands

Further Actions Needed

  • Completion of the awareness program in the remainder of the Biosecurity Zone (rest of Taveuni,
    Laucala, parts of Natewa and adjoining islands);
  • Workshops to be held to report on: species and amage caused by the iguana;
  • fate/outcome of the iguanas confis cated from the area under the biosecurity promulgation
  • Further training for the community to monitor and find all its breeding locations; proper handling and disposal of the iguana, and eradication methods
  • Officials need to be trained in handling the species and proper means of confiscation.
  • Acquisition of wildlife detector dogs for targeted  search and destruction of nests.

Project Number: MV-25d

Project Manager: Nunia Thomas

Project Funder/Donor: EU

Project Start Date: January 2012

Project End Date: Ongoing

Partners: BAF, EU

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